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**1. Introduction**

In mathematics, the sciences, and
engineering, the two most widely known (and used) dimensionless
constants are **p** (pi) and **e**. Both are **transcendental**
numbers, ie neither can be defined exactly by the ratio of two
integers, nor by any algebraic process.

The first (**p**) is most
famously involved in the mensuration of circle and sphere, and
has been known from ancient times. Its value is 3.141592654... -
commonly approximated by the simple fraction 22/7, or 3.142857...
(error: + 0.04%). Leibniz discovered that it was possible to
express this number precisely as an infinite alternating series
involving the reciprocals of the odd integers, thus:

The second (**e**) is of a more recent vintage (18th
century). Known also as 'Euler's number', it occurs naturally in
any situation where a quantity increases at a rate proportional
to its value, such as a bank account producing interest, or a
population increasing as its members reproduce.

Like **p**, this constant (**e**) can also be expressed precisely by an
infinite series involving integers, thus:

Here,
the denominators are the **factorial numbers, **1,
1x2, 1x2x3, and so on.

What
has come to light just recently is the fact that both these
fundamental constants may be derived from the scriptures: **p** from the
Hebrew of Genesis 1:1, and **e **from the Greek of John 1:1 by the
application of a simple procedure - the errors involved being of
the order of a mere 0.001%.

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**2. Reading Greek and Hebrew words
as numbers**

A
significant feature of the Christian scriptures - though hardly
ever referred to by theologians - is that all translations rest
upon Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek texts whose letters and words may
also be fairly read as numbers. Evidences of these yesteryear **alphabetic
numbering systems **confront us still - as, for
example, on the dials of many townhall clocks and in the verse
and chapter numbering of some of the older books on our shelves.

What
distinguishes the Hebrew/Aramaic and Greek systems from the Roman
are, (a) all alphabetic characters were requisitioned for use as
numerals and, (b) the value represented by a string of letters
was simply the sum of its constituent parts. Clearly, words being
nothing more than strings of characters conveying ideas, such
ideas - when expressed in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek - are firmly
(and unavoidably) anchored to discrete numbers; and though such
words may, from time to time, be conveniently
"interpreted" so as to mean something different from
their literal reading, it is clear that the number upon which
each rests is inviolable.

If we
believe that the words of the scriptures were authored by God
himself, then it is but a short step to believe also that the
numbers we now find indelibly linked to these words were
contrived by him. It follows that Paul's Spirit-led teaching,
"All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for
instruction in righteousness..." (2Tm.3:16), must encompass
these numbers, and any information they may be found to convey.

[Please
click for details of the Hebrew/Aramaic and Greek
schemes].

In the following
sections the term **characteristic value**
(CV) is used to describe the letter- and word- values which
derive from the application of these schemes to the original
texts of Old and New Testaments.

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**3. The evaluation of ****p ****from within Genesis 1:1**

The
Bible's first verse comprises 7 Hebrew words formed from a total
of 28 letters. Hitherto, attention has focused particularly on
the sums of the word CVs in total and in part. Now, however, it
is the word and letter **products** that
occupy centre stage. Observe that, although each word CV is the
sum of its letter CVs, the product of the latter bears no clear
and obvious relationship to the former. Essential features of
this analysis involve the two verse ratios

Writing
the product (R1 x R2) in standard mathematical fom, an accurate
value for **p** is revealed.

The
details may be found here.

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**4. The evaluation of**** e**** from within John 1:1**

The number
of words in this verse is 17, comprising a total of 52 letters.

Again,
writing the product (R1 x R2) in standard mathematical form, an
accurate value for **e
**is
revealed.

The
details may be found here.

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**5. Two significant statements**

Notwithstanding
the great time interval between their respective inceptions, it
is clear that there exists a strong textual bonding between
Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1. Here are the translations as they are
found in the King James Bible:

For the
Christian, these writings are highly significant and informative
once the identity of "the Word" has been ascertained.
The matter is resolved in John 1:14 where we read, "And the
Word was made flesh and dwelt among us ...". Undoubtedly,
then, Jesus Christ = the Word.

These key
texts inform the reader of two significant things (concerning
which, there is today much controversy!):

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**6.** **Additional numerical links**

It is
worth remembering that the** **numerical interpretations of these
verses, ie the respective **sums of their letters**,
are 2701 and 3627; a closer examination of these reveals, (a)
that these possess reflective factorisations, thus: 2701 = 37 x
73, and 3627 = 39 x 93, and (b) that they display significant and
integrated numerical geometries, thus:

As has been demonstrated in earlier
pages, 2701 is 73rd triangular number (represented here in blue).
However, the sum of Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1 is also triangular,
thus: 2701 + 3627 = 6328 (itself an anagram of 2368 - CV of
"Jesus Christ"!) = 112th in the series! It follows that
3627 may be realised as a numerical trapezium - parallel sides,
74 and 112, and height, 39.

The diagram is highly symbolic: the
equilateral triangles* suggesting God's triune nature; the
plinth, a symbol of Christ in his role as Creator, and as
Sustainer of his creation (Col.1:16, 17).

*Clearly, the triangles as rendered here
are not equilateral. This is because of the limitations of the
medium. Envisaged instead as a packed arrangement of uniform
spheres on a flat surface, the truth of this statement is
apparent.

It may be remembered that the outline of
the Genesis 1:1 (blue) triangle comprises 216, or 6x6x6,
counters. That of the 112th (ie the complete triangle above) is
also noteworthy; it has 333, or 9 x 37 counters. This happens to
be the difference between 2701 and 2368, ie between Creation's
prologue (Gen.1:1) and the Creator (Jesus Christ).

Again, because the last two Hebrew words
of Gen.1:1 (translated, "... and the earth.") have a
combined CV of 703 (37th triangle), the upper triangle of the
foregoing diagram may be segmented, thus:

The appearance of a triple of 666 as the
'area of separation' is a notable feature, and undoubtedly
associated with deep symbolism.

Finally, observe that
CV("Word") = 373 - a neat integration of the Gen.1:1
factors, 37 and 73, and a numerical palindrome.

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**7. A review of the ****p**** and ****e**** evaluations**

Let us
first observe that any estimate of **p** or
**e** that is obtained as the ratio
of two integers must, necessarily, be an approximation. It is
therefore interesting, and undoubtedly significant, that the
errors involved in the foregoing derivations, viz -0.0012 and
+0.0011, respectively, are small, of the same order of magnitude,
and of opposite polarity.

It is
appropriate that we derive a 'handle' on the kind of odds against
this being a chance happening - bearing in mind the fundamental
nature and close relationship of the sources involved. Here,
again, are the first 10 digits of "estimate: true
value" for **p** and **e****, **respectively, with
matching significant digits underlined:

__3.1415__54509
: __3.1415__92654 and __2.718__312812
: __2.718__281828

Clearly,
if these figures are rounded, both **p **and **e **are seen to be correct to 5 significant
figures. Based upon a random distribution of the variables (a not
unreasonable assumption in the circumstances), a simple estimate
of the combined probability of these events may therefore be
obtained as follows:

Since the
first digit in each case could have been any one of nine in the
range 1-9, and each of the remaining matching digits, any one of
ten in the range 0-9, each event is associated with a probability
of 1/90,000; and because they are independent, the final
assessment is of the order of **ten billion*****
to 1** against them occurring fortuitously.

*As used
here, the term 'billion' is equivalent to 10^9.

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**8. Conclusions**

Let us briefly
recap:

Clearly,
the planning of these wonders must have preceded the writing of
Genesis 1:1 (2nd millenium BC), the Hebrew alphabetic system of
numeration (c200 BC), and the writing of John 1:1 (c100 AD).
Further, the fundamental constant **e**** **could not have been
known by man before the 18th century AD!

Quite
obviously, therefore, what we have described here has to be
viewed as a purposeful supernatural act! And because the verses
on which the phenomena are centred speak of "Elohim"
and "Jesus Christ", it is not hard to deduce the
identity of their author.

The
standing miracle (for it is nothing less!) informs us as follows:

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Vernon Jenkins MSc

2001-06-19

email: vernon.jenkins@virgin.net

http://www.otherbiblecode.com

**Acknowledgements**

The author is grateful
to all who have been involved in this project, viz Peter Bluer,
Craig Paardekooper, Iain Strachan and Bevan Williams.